What is the Urinary Tract?
It is one of the most essential systems your body uses to keep your insides clean. This system is involves the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra, all of which work together to combine waste and excess fluid for removal via the process of urination. When certain bacteria (usually Escherichia Coli) present themselves in the urinary tract, various kinds of infection can occur（2, 3）. For example, the infection of the bladder is known as cystitis and the infection of the kidneys is known as pyelonephritis and so on.
Who is Susceptible?
Some groups of people have a higher risk of developing a UTI than others
- Women : One of the reasons behind this is the short length of a woman’s urethra (the tube that connects with the bladder and allows urine to pass out of the body). The shortness of the urethra means that bacteria don’t have to travel very far(4-6)!
- Men with prostate problems : E.g. an enlarged prostate gland may affect the ability of the bladder to empty completely (leaving some urine behind), providing bacteria an environment for multiplication(7).
- Health conditions : Conditions which affect the immune system (e.g. diabetes, multiple sclerosis) can make a person more prone to infection(8)
Symptoms (9, 10)
- An urge to urinate urgently and more often (even after just urinating).
- Feeling a burning sensation when urinating.
- Urine that has a strong smell.
- Pelvic pain (women) or rectal pain (men)
- Blood in the urine.
Treatment and Prevention
If you suspect that you have an infection, seek medical attention to prevent it from further spreading and resulting in more serious conditions.
Keep hydrated :
Drink plenty of fluids (mostly water) so that you urinate frequently, flushing the bacteria out of your body(9). The recommended daily water intake has been included as a guide(11).
|9 - 13||14 - 18||Adults|
|1.6L/day = 6 glasses*||1.9L/day = 7 glasses||2.6L/day = 10 glasses|
|1.4L/day = 5 to 6 glasses||1.6Lday = 6 glasses||2.1l/day = 8 glasses|
*One glass is 250ml. (If you use diuretic medication or have problems with your kidney, speak to your healthcare practitioner first about your daily fluid intake).
Go to the toilet
If you feel the urge to urinate, don’t hold on. Bacteria can multiply if it stays in the bladder for too long(9).
Wipe from front to back
Now that you’ve gone to the toilet, to reduce the risk of bacteria being transferred to the urethra from the anal passage, clean yourself from front to back(9, 10).
See your doctor for advice.
Cranberries have been reported to inhibit the adhesion of E. Coli (bacteria) to bladder cell receptors(12). If the bacteria can’t stick and stay inside you then it can’t cause infection either. Interestingly, a recent study found that the consumption of cranberry products daily protected against UTIs and enhanced positive outcomes, especially in women(13).
Attributable to its constituents, this amazing berry has been associated with a number of health benefits. Evidence from clinical studies suggests that it acts as:
- An antibacterial, antiviral, anti-carcinogenic, anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant agent(14-16)
- Cholesterol lowering agent(17)
- An agent involved in reducing glycemic response (having a positive effect on blood sugar levels)(18)
Anybody that has tasted fresh cranberries knows that it has a bitter taste. It’s because of its very low and natural sugar content that manufacturers often add sugar to cranberry products e.g. juices to make it more appealing to your taste buds. This means you’re getting less of pure cranberry and more of the remaining extras.
For all these reasons, we have packed each one of our capsules with 35,000mg of fresh cranberry. That’s more than triple the concentration of the many cranberry products available in the market!
Additional recommended product: With its carefully chosen ingredients Wealthy Health’s Urinary Gout Support is an exceptional additional choice for people wanting to maintain the health of their urinary tract.
Don’t delay, enrich your health today!
- NPS MedicineWise. (2014). Urinary TractInfections . Available:http://www.nps.org.au/conditions/urine-bladder-and-kidney-problems/bladder-disorders/urinary-tract-infections. Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- HootonTM. Recurrent urinary tract infection in women. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2001;17(4):259-68.
- RussoTA, Johnson JR. Medical and economic impact of extraintestinal infections due to Escherichia coli: focuson an increasingly important endemic problem.Microbes Infect. 2003;5(5):449-56..
- SobelJD. Pathogenesis of urinary tract infection. Role of host defenses. Infect Dis Clin North Am.1997;11(3):531-49
- SvanborgC, Godaly G. Bacterial virulence in urinary tract infection. Infect Dis Clin North Am.1997;11(3):513-29.
- Blumberg, J.B et al.. (2013). Cranberries andTheir Bioactive Constituents in Human Health.Advances in Nutrition Internation Review Journal. 4 (6),618–632.
- Mayo Clinic Staff. (2012). Urinary TractInfection: Risk Factors. Available:http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/basics/risk-factors/con-20037892.Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- Women's Health QLD Wide and Pacey.L. (2011). CystitisFact Sheet . Available:http://www.womhealth.org.au/conditions-and-treatments/203-cystitis#reference11.Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- Better Health Channel. (2014). Urinary TractInfections. Available:http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/urinary_tract_infections.Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- Mayo Clinic Staff. (2012). Urinary TractInfection: Symptoms. Available:http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/basics/symptoms/con-20037892.Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- Healthy Kids. (2015). Drinks for Hydration.Available:http://www.healthykids.nsw.gov.au/kids-teens/stats-and-facts-teens/teens-nutrition/drinks-for-hydration.aspx.Last accessed 28th Jan 2015.
- HowellAB, Botto H, Combescure C, Blanc-Potard AB, Gausa L, Matsumoto T, Tenke P, Sotto A,Lavigne JP. Dosage effect on uropathogenic Escherichiacoli anti-adhesionactivity in urine following consumption ofcranberry powder standardized for proanthocyanidin content: a multicentric randomizeddouble blind study. BMC Infect Dis.2010;10:94.
- WangCH, Fang CC, Chen NC, Liu SS, Yu PH, Wu TY, Lee CC, Chen SC. Cranberry-containing productsfor prevention of urinary tract infections insusceptible populations: a systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials.Arch Intern Med. 2012; 172:988–96.
- CôtéJ, Caillet S, Doyon G, Sylvain JF, Lacroix M. Bioactive compounds in cranberries and their biologicalproperties. Crit Rev Food SciNutr. 2010;50:666–79.
- McKayDL, Blumberg JB. Cranberries (Vacciniummacrocarpon) and cardiovascular disease risk factors.Nutr Rev. 2007;65:490–502.
- DelRio D, Rodriguez-Mateos A, Spencer JP, Tognolini M, Borges G, Crozier A. Dietary (poly)phenolicsin human health: structures, bioavailability, andevidence of protective effects against chronic diseases. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2013;18:1818–92.
- LeeIT, Chan YC, Lin CW, Lee WJ, Sheu WH. Effect of cranberry extracts on lipid profiles in subjects withtype 2 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2008;25:1473–7.
- WilsonT, Luebke JL, Morcomb EF, Carrell EJ, Leveranz MC, Kobs L, Schmidt TP, Limburg PJ, Vorsa N,Singh AP. Glycemic responses to sweeteneddried and raw cranberries in humans with type 2 diabetes. J Food Sci. 2010;75:H218–23.